Basic 7 Elements Make Up Great Interior Design

A great interior design includes 7 basic elements and each element should apply with 7 principles. Here is a detailed guide for you to master the home design art.

So what are the 7 basic elements?

  1. Space
  2. Form
  3. Line
  4. Color
  5. Light
  6. Pattern
  7. Texture

“The whole is more than the sum of its parts.”

Interior design involves the design of a room from scratch. It is often confused with interior decoration, which uses pre-built spaces before decorating furniture, wallpaper and various other functions. Interior decoration constitutes certain elements of interior design (especially furniture, colors, and objects), but considering the initial space will help bring your favorite decorative features into life.


There are two basic types of space to consider: 2-D space (the length and width ) and 3-D space (+ the height). For example, when considering carpets or rugs, only 2-D space is important- but before adding new shelves or furniture, you need to consider 3-D space.

After the room is built, there will be clear areas of "positive space" (area with objects) and "negative space" (empty area). Finding the balance between positive and negative spaces is important to make the room feel right.


Form is the shape of the space and the shape of the things you put in it, and the shape of the lines placed in the space. Compared to the amount of space you want to add, take some time to think about the proportions of the room to make sure things don’t overwhelm the space or get lost.


Using similar forms in a room can bring harmony, but using too many different forms or shapes can lead to unbalanced effects. Use tables carefully in each room to achieve the desired effect: a rectangle is a hard shape, but it creates a flow in the room. The circle makes the room soft, and the triangle makes the room feel more stable. This image shows a hard table that is softened by the use of curved chairs, thereby balancing the room.

Forms can be divided into natural forms and man-made forms, as well as open or closed forms (regardless of whether you can see the shape or not). A full understanding of space and lines inherently brings a positive form to the room.


Color is an obvious category to add, but there are some hidden concepts that you may not need to consider. It is also more in terms of interior decoration and fits your comfort zone more easily.


From calm light tones to exciting and vibrant bright reds, colors can dramatically change the feel of a room. Remember that using darker colors will make the room look smaller, but using characteristic colors (in objects or "feature walls") can be a good way to bring strong colors into smaller spaces.

Use colors to create connections between objects and furniture in the room, and group the room together. It is always worth mentioning the emotional value of color: blue is a productive color, green and lavender bring tranquility and calmness, red is vibrant (related to the appetite of the cafeteria!), brown can be used to ensure The safety of skin tone. And safe space.


Light can greatly change the room by changing the effects of textures, lines and colors, so please consider the effects of different types and styles of lighting. Keep in mind that other elements of the room will look different depending on the lighting, so please include in your plan to get the lighting for the room you need.


There are four types of lighting-the most obvious is natural light, which can be controlled by cleverly placing doors and windows around the space.

Artificial lighting constitutes the other three types: task lighting (think about table lamps and bedside lighting that make it easier to complete specific tasks), fun lighting (also known as ambient lighting, which is the general lighting for the space) and accent lighting (think about the key points) Spotlight) special features (such as artwork).


Lines provide the basis for the shape and shape of the room, which can be divided into 3 basic categories: horizontal, vertical and dynamic. The correct use of lines is essential to produce the correct form.


Horizontal lines increase the stability of the room (think tables, chairs). The vertical lines give a sense of freedom and nature (think windows, doors). Dynamic lines add interesting movement and energy to the space (imagine stairs), and can be bound with patterns and colors to blend the room design together or focus your sight on a specific point. Using soft dynamic lines can make other lines blend together harmoniously.

Pattern and Texture

Patterns are closely related to colors, and should be used to coordinate with various areas of the room and increase points of interest. Think about painting techniques, curtains and upholstery fabric patterns, and wallpaper. Patterns should be closely combined with colors to highlight and contrast certain areas of the room.


Textures are used for depth and points of interest, and are divided into 2 categories; visual texture and actual texture. Textures are usually discussed for interior decoration and curtains-using rough textures will create a comfortable, homely feel, while using smooth or shiny materials can make the look more formal or grandiose. The use of carpets and blankets can also add texture.

Overt or common textures should be balanced by contrasting textures to prevent boring or stressful room design. Combine textures and patterns to smooth the room design process.

Furniture and Objects

Furniture is a functional element of design and an important element used to blend the feeling of the room and the house. Furniture forces the entire space to take a specific path and is a good way to express creativity or individuality.


Placing furniture around the focal point can be a good way to highlight features (such as a fireplace), and placing furniture within a certain time interval can quickly and easily change the feel of the room.

The object is the most personal element in the overall design and tells a story. Although the objects used in the room are private, they should still be connected to the design and flow with the room.

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